male infertility
If a couple is infertile, this means that they have been unable to conceive a child after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without birth control.

Primary infertility means they have never had a child.

Secondary infertility means that the infertile person has had one or more children in the past, but a medical problem is impairing fertility.

Many people may be infertile during their reproductive years. They may be unaware of this because they are not seeking to create a pregnancy. On any one occasion, the chance of pregnancy is just one percent.

About one in seven couples, Age, lifestyle and physical problems can all contribute to infertility.


Infertility can be caused by poor sexual or lifestyle habits that are easily remedied. For example, the couple may be using a sexual lubricant that interferes with the survival of the man’s sperm. Or, they may not be having sex often enough. Other easily treated illnesses or lifestyle habits that may contribute to infertility are:

Heavy use of alcohol, tobacco or drugs.

Starvation diets or anorexia in the woman.

Tight underwear or pants in the man, which raises the crotch temperature and reduces sperm count.

Stress. In a woman, this may cause her periods to be irregular. In a man, stress may reduce his sperm count.

Changing the timing of sex and the couple’s sexual techniques may also increase the chance of pregnancy. Sometimes the semen from the man fails to reach the woman’s cervix. Placing a pillow under the woman’s hips after intercourse may help prevent spillage of semen.


About one-third of cases of infertility are caused by male factors alone. A combination of male and female factors causes about one-third of cases.

More than one-half of cases of male infertility can be corrected. Treatment may help a couple get pregnant through normal sexual intercourse.

Your doctor will obtain your medical history, examine you and test your semen at least twice. A semen analysis can tell your doctor about your sperm count and sperm quality. These are important parts of fertility.

Though there is no specific time frame as to when to consult your doctor but you can see your doctor if the pregnancy does not take place even after one year of unprotected intercourse.