It’s normal to experience smegma. Moreover, smegma cause no health issues; however, bacteria can develop in it and cause a bad smell. Further, these bacteria may also cause the penis head to swell and cause pain.
Prevention of Smegma
For someone with a circumcised penis, gently clean all the areas around the head, especially along the ridge that separates the head from the shaft. An uncircumcised penis requires slightly more attention. Clean beneath the foreskin once or twice a day with warm soapy water. Do not scrape the foreskin. A doctor should be consulted if the penis appears infected or red.
For someone with a vagina, pull back the outer lips of the vulva to clean the area under the clitoral hood. Avoid using heavily scented soaps to prevent irritation. If there are bumps, itching, or changes in vaginal discharge, see a doctor.
Getting into the habit of checking the genitals regularly for excess smegma and signs of a potential infection or other problems can prevent smegma from becoming a problem. This is especially important for people who tend to sweat a lot, which can contribute to more smegma and make it easier for smegma to accumulate.
For female smegma, this buildup could cause the clitoral hood to adhere to the clitoral shaft, which may be uncomfortable or even painful.
Further, if there’s any swelling, redness, or a foul odour, consult your physician immediately. Contact your physician if it’s difficult or impossible to remove the penis foreskin.